Mycetoma is a chronic slow-growing infection which comes in either bacterial (actinomycetoma) or fungal (eumycetoma) form. Infection begins most often in the foot, probably after a cut allows the bacteria or fungus to enter from the soil or animal dung, and it can spread to other parts of the body. It slowly, progressively, and initially painlessly, destroys subcutaneous tissues. Mycetoma affects skin, muscle and bone, causing severe disability.
The causative organisms of mycetoma are distributed worldwide but are endemic in tropical and subtropical areas in the so called 'Mycetoma belt', which includes the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Chad, Ethiopia, India, Mauritania, Mexico, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Thailand, and Yemen.
Mycetoma usually progresses slowly.
Starts with a painless lump under the skin
Progresses to open infection discharging small ‘grains’ containing fungal spores
Causes swollen, disfigured body parts – most commonly hands and feet, back, and buttocks
Deteriorates into a chronic condition as mycetoma spreads to the skin, deep tissue and bone, resulting in destruction, deformity, and loss of function
Bacterial infection is also common, which may cause increased pain, disability, and fatal septicaemia if untreated.
Many people with mycetoma become depressed and need psychological support.
Mycetoma can be identified by directly examining discharged ‘grains’ of fungal spores under a microscope, but further tests are needed to confirm the diagnosis, which may include biopsy and x-ray or ultrasound. The earlier the infection is detected, the better the chance there is of curing it, so a simple, effective diagnostic test is urgently needed.
The treatment depends on the causative organisms. For the bacterial type, it is a combination antibiotics whereas for fungal type it is combined antifungal drugs and surgery. The treatment is frequently unsatisfactory, has many side effects, expensive and not available in endemic areas.
Prevention & Control
Mycetoma is not a notifiable disease (a disease required by law to be reported) and global surveillance system is being developed. There are no control programmes for mycetoma yet, except for Sudan. Preventing infection is difficult, but people living in or travelling to endemic areas should be advised not to walk barefooted.
If you have any related query, you can send us your report on below mention email address or you can call us or whatsApp for any second opinion.
Mycetoma is a disease caused by certain types of bacteria and fungi found in soil and water. These bacteria and fungi may enter the body through a break in the skin, often on a person's foot.
Q.How do you treat Mycetoma?
The treatment for mycetoma includes antibiotics or antifungal medicine, depending on whether the disease is caused by bacteria or fungi. Surgery is sometimes needed to cut away the infected tissue. Wearing shoes might help prevent mycetoma.
Q.Does nocardia cause Mycetoma?
More than 20 species of fungi and bacteria can cause mycetoma. Nocardia species, especially Nocardia brasiliensis, is the most commonly implicated actinomycetes.
Q.How do you prevent Mycetoma?
The treatment for mycetoma includes antibiotics or antifungal medicine, depending on whether the disease is caused by bacteria or fungi. Surgery is sometimes needed to cut away the infected tissue. Wearing shoes might help preventing mycetoma.
What Our Patients Are Saying
Ms. Rukaayah a 26 years old beautiful and gentle person from Nigeria came with her parents seeking treatment in india for her dysfunctional kidneys. Her Medical Condition was already deteriorated t ... Read More
Ms. Rukayyah From Nigeria gets a new life after getting kidney transplant in India
Ruth from kenya who visited india in October 2021 for her Medical Treatment . She shares her true experience of her medical Journey in Artemis Hospitals. This hospital ... Read More
Mr. Ruth from Kenya
Mr. Jimmy Komo from Nairobi , Kenya . He was suffering for 12 years from back pain which could not be diagnosed in his country. Mr. Jimmy decided to travel to india to get himself treated . Mr. Jim ... Read More
Mr.Jimmy Komo from Nairobi , Kenya , He was suffering from 12 years from back
Master. Andrew Maina was diagnosed to have retinoblastoma ( Eye Cancer) in Kenya. Patient's family decided to travel to india with the assistance of satyug healthcare for retinoblastoma t ... Read More
Master. Andrew Maina
Patient's Feedback in his own words
My name is Mirsodik Djuraev and I am from Uzbekistan. I was diagnosed with lower rectal cancer in Uzbekistan. after that, some of ... Read More
Patient Mrs. Caroline Njeri from Kenya, she had a neck tumor (supraglottic mass) due to which she was facing difficulty in swallowing food. she came to India for her surge ... Read More
Patient Mrs. Caroline Njeri |Robotic Neck Tumor Removal Surgery
I am Issa Ahmed Kayed from Yemen and I live in the State of Qatar and I had been suffering from a kidney stone for more than 5 years and then I met one of my friends who had a treatment India ... Read More
Mr. Eissa Ahmed Qaid Saleh Qatar | Dr. H. S. Bhatyal Advisor | Urology & Renal Transplantation
Aslam Walekum Everyone
My name is Meethaq and I am from Taiz city Yemen I was suffering from kidney disease or kidney failure. I had recommended my doctor that i will require a ki ... Read More
Meethaq Abdullah | Yemen | Kidney Transplant| Max Super Specialty Hospital New Delhi |
I am sadallah Ali Ali Almanai Al Radaei from sanaa, Yemen, I was sick and I was looking treatment option in india. I found a medical tourism company called satyug medical tourism.Mr. Vikram from sa ... Read More
Mr. Sadallah Ali Ali Almanai
Patient Mohammed Abdullah Al Khamisi 52 years old man from Yemen underwent for hernia surgery at Blk Super Speciality Hospital by Dr.V.P. Bhalla. Patient wife is also operated for ... Read More
Mohammed Abdullah Al Khamisi | Yemen
I am from Uzbekistan I have been suffering from knee pain for many years and have come to India to seek healing. In 20.01.2020 I came to hospital and 21.01.2020 surgery was done then my condi ... Read More
Mrs. Masudakhan Sharobova | Uzbekistan
Bis I’m Abdurrahman Mohsen ali saeed. I work in Saudi Arabia. I have been suffering from a condition of penile induration and hour glass deformity also known as (Uncontrolled DM and Dys ... Read More
Abdurrahman Mohsen ali saeed | Yemen
A 16 years old male , Mr Jeremy Wanyolke from Kenya get new life in India by successful SCOLIOSIS CORRECTION Surgery . Patient was diagnosed a case of ADOLESCENT IDIOPATHIC SCOLIOSIS( Lateral ... Read More
Mr Jeremy Wanyolke | Kenya
My Name is FLORENCE WAIRIMU NJIHIA , I came to india in november 2019 to brinng my mother here in india for medical treatment. we have been here for 4 months. When I came here , We find a gentlemen ... Read More
Mrs. Agnes Nyambura Njihia | KENYA
Mrs. Mary Popoola 63 years from Nigeria underwent to Total Knee Replacement at BLK Super Specialty Hospital New Delhi undercare of Dr. Bhushan Nariani - Director Centre for Orthopaedics, Join ... Read More
Mrs. Mary Popoola | Nigeria
Earlier my mother weight was around 140KG and she even didn't able to come to the first floor of the house due to her excess weight not able to walk a little bit her day to day activities were affe ... Read More
Mati Mishra from Saharanpur
Mrs. Anne Ngamau ,50 years old lady from Nairobi , Kenya was a patient of leukemia ( Blood Disorder ) underwent successful Bone Marrow Transplant procedure in indie under care of
Mr. Ali Qasem ,56 years old man from Yemen, He came to Dr, kaul with 20% heart function and more than 3 artery blockage gets Better Quality life After Angioplasty in India Mr. patient is havi ... Read More
Mr. Ali Qasem from Yemen
Mr. Abdulelah Saad Ahmed Safwan is attendant of patient who was having Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) disease blood disorder underwent successful bone marrow transplant under care of Dr. Dharma ... Read More
Mr. Abdulelah Saad Ahmed Safwan | BLK Super Specialist Hospital, New Delhi
Make an Appointment
Contact us any suitable way and make an appointment with the doctor whose help you need! Visit us at the scheduled time.