Carotid artery disease treatment / Carotid Endarterectomy cost in India
Patient - 04 days in a ward and 01 day in ICU
Cost of Surgery,
Consultation by Primary Team in Package days,
Routine Pharmacy and Consumables,
1.Overstay more than package days, 2. Any other Specialty Consultations, 3. Special Equipment, 4. Additional Procedure/Surgery. 5. Blood Components.
Carotid arteries are major blood vessels in the neck that supply blood to the brain, neck, and face. There are two carotid arteries, one on the right and one on the left. In the neck, each carotid artery branches into two divisions:
The internal carotid artery supplies blood to the brain.
The external carotid artery supplies blood to the face and neck.
Carotid artery disease occurs when a blockage in one or both of these arteries decreases the amount of blood flow to your brain. This can lead to a stroke.
Causes of Carotid artery Disease
Carotid artery disease is caused by atherosclerosis, it is a disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries. A similar buildup occurs in the heart’s blood vessels when someone has coronary artery disease. Plaque contains clumps of:
Atherosclerosis can make your carotid arteries narrower and less flexible over time. This limits the amount of blood flow to your organs.
High blood pressure
Obesity increases your risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and atherosclerosis.
Physical inactivity contributes to high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.
Smoking can irritate the lining of your arteries. It can also increase your heart rate and blood pressure.
Older age makes your arteries stiffer and more susceptible to damage.
Sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arms, or legs (usually on one side of the body)
Trouble speaking (garbled speech) or understanding
Sudden vision problems in one or both eyes
Sudden, severe headache
Drooping on one side of your face
Carotid ultrasound- This noninvasive test uses sound waves to measure the flow and pressure of blood in your vessels.
CT angiography- This is a way to take X-ray images of your vessels. A dye calledcontrast is placed in your vessels. The CT scanner then takes pictures from several angles.
Head CT scan- A head CT scan takes pictures of your brain tissue to check for any bleeding or abnormalities.
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) - An MRA also uses contrast to highlight arteries in your neck and brain. Then, 3-D images are taken using a high-powered magnet.
MRI scan- A head MRI takes detailed images of brain tissue without using contrast.
Cerebral angiography- For cerebral angiography, doctor will insert a thin, flexible tube called a catheter into your carotid artery. Dye will be injected, and then an X-ray will be taken to view any abnormalities. This test is more invasive than the other forms of imaging, making it riskier.
Doctor will suggest you make preventive lifestyle changes. These include:
Quitting smoking if you smoke
Eating healthy food
Managing any chronic conditions, such as heart disease and diabetes
taking medications as prescribed
Treatment is more invasive if you diagnosed of carotid artery disease after having a stroke. Your doctor may need to open your carotid artery to remove the blockage. There are two different ways to do this.
Carotid endarterectomy is the most common form of surgery for severe carotid artery disease. After your anesthesiologist gives you local or general anesthesia, your doctor will make an incision on the front of your neck. They’ll open your carotid artery and remove any blockages. Your doctor will then stitch the artery closed. This procedure can have a lasting effect on preventing strokes.
A carotid artery stent is the other option. Your doctor will use a carotid artery stent if the blockage is inconveniently located, you have a large blockage, or you have other serious health problems that make you a high-risk surgical candidate. A stent is a small wire coil. In this procedure, your doctor uses a balloon to widen a narrowed section of the artery. They then place a stent inside to keep the artery open.
Long-term outlook for carotid artery disease- Your long-term outlook will depend on the extent of your disease. However, there are things you can do to improve your health. These include:
Regularly checking your blood pressure
Testing your blood sugar and cholesterol levels one to two times per year
Taking a yearly carotid Doppler ultrasound test (if you’ve had a prior stroke), which is a short, painless test that allows your doctor to see the blood flow through your carotid arteries
If you have any related query, you can send us your report on below mention email address or you can call us or whatsApp for any second opinion.
Carotid artery disease occurs when fatty deposits (plaques) clog the blood vessels which deliver blood to your brain and head (carotid arteries). The blockage increases your risk of stroke, a medical emergency that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted or seriously reduced.
The right internal carotid artery carries blood to the right side of the brain, which is responsible for strength and sensation on the left side of the body. It leads to disease of the right carotid can cause neurologic symptoms on the left half of the body.
To perform carotid endarterectomy, surgeon numbs the side of the neck with a local anesthetic. You are also given medication to help you relax. Carotid endarterectomy is performed with local anesthesia, so you are awake during the procedure.
Patients usually stay in the hospital for 1 to 2 days after the surgery to allow time for recovery and time for the physician to monitor progress. You will be discharged with information about which activities you may need to limit and for how long, such as driving or physical activities.
Carotid artery surgery can significantly reduce your risk of stroke; there is a possibility of having a stroke, brain damage, or a heart attack with carotid artery surgery. Nerve damage, re-blockage of your carotid artery, and other problems can also occur.
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