Arrhythmia treatment in India

Released Date : 2024-01-21

Arrhythmia treatment in India

Arrhythmia refers to an abnormal heart rhythm, where the heart may beat too fast, too slow, or irregularly. The heart's normal rhythm is controlled by electrical signals that coordinate the contraction of its chambers. When these signals are disrupted, it can lead to arrhythmias.

Cardiac arrhythmia is a condition,In which the electrical impulses in the heart doesn't workproperly,whether palpitations, fluttering or skipping a beat,irregular heart beat, too fast or too slow heart beats. 

Normal Heart Rate(electrical impulses) : 60 - 100

if less than 60 beats a minute Bradycardia and more than 100 beats a minute Tachycardia  a minute.

Bradycardia and Tachycardia are two forms of irregular heart rates or arrhythmias

What are the symptoms of arrhythmia ?

  • Shortness of breath
  • Giddiness, reeling of head, light headedness
  • Chest discomfort
  • A slow/racing heartbeat
  • Palpitations
  • Thumping in chest
  • sweating, fatigue, and anxiety.
What is the Arrhythmia treatment ?

The treatment for arrhythmia depends on the type of arrhythmia, its underlying cause, and the severity of symptoms. Here are some common approaches to treating arrhythmias:

  1. Lifestyle Changes:

    • Healthy Diet: Adopting a heart-healthy diet that is low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium can help manage certain risk factors.
    • Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can improve overall cardiovascular health.
    • Avoiding Triggers: Identifying and avoiding substances or activities that may trigger arrhythmias, such as excessive caffeine, alcohol, and certain medications.
  2. Medications:

    • Antiarrhythmic Medications: These drugs can help control heart rhythm by stabilizing the electrical signals in the heart.
    • Beta-Blockers: These medications slow down the heart rate and reduce the force of contractions.
    • Calcium Channel Blockers: These drugs help regulate the flow of calcium into the heart, affecting its electrical activity.
  3. Cardioversion:

    • Electrical Cardioversion: In cases of atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, a controlled electrical shock is delivered to the heart to reset its rhythm.
  4. Catheter Radiofrequency ablation (RFA):

    • This procedure involves using a catheter to deliver radiofrequency energy to specific areas of the heart tissue that are causing the abnormal rhythm. It aims to create scar tissue, disrupting the abnormal electrical signals.
  5. Pacemaker:

    • For certain bradycardias (slow heart rhythms), a pacemaker may be implanted to regulate and maintain a normal heart rate.
  6. Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD):

    • For life-threatening arrhythmias, an ICD may be implanted. It can detect and treat dangerous rhythms by delivering a shock to restore a normal rhythm.
  7. Lifestyle Modification:

    • Quitting smoking, reducing alcohol intake, managing stress, and maintaining a healthy weight can contribute to overall heart health.
  8. Management of Underlying Conditions:

    • Treating or managing conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and coronary artery disease that may contribute to arrhythmias is crucial.

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