Superficial Foreign Body Removal or Corneal Foreign Body Removal Surgery Cost in India
Superficial Foreign Body Removal or Corneal Foreign Body Removal Surgery Cost in India
Patient - 1 days stay in a single room.
Cost of Surgery,
Consultation by Primary Team in Package days,
Routine Pharmacy and Consumables,
Operation Theatre Charges.
Pharmacy Services Charges including Drugs &Medical Consumables
1.Overstay more than package days, 2. Any other Specialty Consultations, 3. Special Equipment, 4. Additional Procedure/Surgery. 5. Blood Components.
What is Foreign Body Removal Superficial?
Foreign bodies and abrasions are the most common conjunctival and corneal injuries. Foreign body removal techniques vary depending on the type of foreign body:
Surface foreign bodies are removed with irrigation and a moistened cotton-tipped applicator.
Embedded foreign bodies need to be removed on the point of a sterile spud (an instrument designed to remove ocular foreign bodies) or a 25- or 27-gauge needle, generally under guidance with a slit lamp.
Intraocular foreign bodies, or any penetrating injuries, are treated surgically by an ophthalmologist.
Do a pre-procedure eye examination, without topical anesthetic if the patient’s discomfort level permits. Using a penlight, externally examine the eye for deflation of the globe or anterior chamber. Check visual acuity, ocular motion and pupil size, shape, and reflexes. If you see signs of perforation, abort the procedure and obtain immediate ophthalmologic consultation.
If a topical anesthetic was not used before the pre-procedure examination, ask the patient to look upward, and then place a drop of topical ocular anesthetic into the lower fornix of the affected eye. Tell the patient to keep the eye closed for about a minute in order to retain the drug.
Seat the patient at the slit lamp.
Apply fluorescein and examine the eye for the Seidel sign (disturbance of the surface fluorescein by a dark streaming of aqueous humor through a corneal or scleral perforation). If the Seidel sign is present, abort the procedure and obtain immediate ophthalmologic consultation.
Examine the eye for a foreign body. Retract the eyelids by placing your thumb just below the lower lid and your forefinger just above the upper lid and then spreading your thumb and forefinger apart. Inspect the entire conjunctiva and cornea. Have the patient look down when the upper fornix is inspected and look up when the lower fornix is inspected. Vary the beam width and angle on the slit lamp to examine a corneal foreign body and gauge its depth. Evert and double evert the upper eyelid. First, press gently on the superior part of the upper lid with a cotton-tipped applicator. Then, lift the upper lid margin upward and backward toward the patient’s forehead. Next, do double eversion by pushing caudally with the applicator until the superior fornix is visible.
If no foreign bodies or corneal abrasions are visible, or if only a simple corneal abrasion is visible, swab the upper and lower fornices with a moistened cotton-tipped applicator and then irrigate the eye as described in Eye Irrigation and Eyelid Eversion.. If there is no history of chemical exposure, irrigating the eye with several fluid ounces of saline may be sufficient.
Removal of superficial foreign bodies:
To remove a superficial foreign body from the conjunctiva or cornea, first gently irrigate the area (eg, using sterile saline in a syringe) to moisten the area and possibly dislodge the foreign body. Do not point the irrigating stream directly at the foreign body.
Use a moistened cotton-tipped applicator, with a rolling motion, to gently lift the superficial foreign body from the surface.
Use a delicate and circumscribed motion when touching the cornea with the moistened cotton-tipped applicator to avoid damaging the epithelium.
Removal of embedded foreign bodies:
Remove an embedded foreign body using, according to your preference, a spud, a low-speed rotary burr, or a 25- or 27-gauge needle attached to a small (eg, tuberculin) syringe.
Hold these tools as you would hold a pencil.
Have the patient stare at an object straight ahead.
Always approach a corneal foreign body from the periphery of the cornea (ie, never cross the patient’s visual field with the removal tool) and use your dominant hand. Use 2 steps to make the approach.
First, without using magnification, position your operating hand (ulnartyh 2 aspect) against the patient’s face (zygomatic arch or nasal bridge area) and maneuver the removal tool to a spot near the corneal periphery.
Next, under magnification, and holding the removal tool tangential to the corneal surface, slowly and carefully approach the foreign object, proceeding inward from the corneal periphery.
Hold the spud or needle with the bevel up, and then use the tip to pick or scoop the foreign object away from the cornea. You may need to repeat this procedure several times to fully remove the foreign body. This technique can also remove some superficial rust rings. If the foreign body has been dislodged but remains on the surface of the eye, try irrigation to rinse it away or use one of the same removal tools used to remove the foreign body.
Some non-ophthalmologists avoid using the rotary burr. The burr is usually mentioned for removal of rust rings but can also be used to remove an embedded corneal foreign body. Gently and briefly press the rotating burr against the foreign body. Then retreat and assess how much was removed. Repeat until the foreign body (or rust ring) is removed. Always balance the amount removed against the size of the corneal defect being created by the burr. The burr creates a larger defect than a spud or needle. Reversing the direction of the burr is sometimes helpful (by reversing the spin direction). You need not remove rust rings; they can be addressed by the ophthalmologist at the 24-h follow-up visit.
After the Procedure
Test post-procedure visual acuity.
Instill fluorescein and verify continuing (post-procedure) absence of perforation (ie, absent Seidel sign).
Prescribe topical antibiotic ointment or drops (eg, ciprofloxacin 0.3% ointment or drops 4 times a day for 5 to 7 days).
Do not prescribe topical corticosteroids.
Do not prescribe a topical anesthetic..
Do not patch the eye.
Arrange 24-h ophthalmologic follow-up or, if not feasible, tell the patient to seek emergency care if symptoms have not completely resolved in 24 hrs.
Foreign body retrieval is the removal of objects or substances that have been introduced into the body. Objects may be inhaled into the airway, swallowed or lodged in the throat or stomach, or embedded in the soft tissues.
Use an eyecup or a small, clean drinking glass positioned with its rim resting on the bone at the base of your eye socket. Another way to flush a foreign object from your eye is to get into a shower and aim a gentle stream of lukewarm water on your forehead over the affected eye while holding your eyelid open.
In addition to pain and a gritty or foreign body sensation, other signs and symptoms of corneal abrasions include redness, tearing, light sensitivity, headache, blurry or decreased vision, eye twitching, a dull ache and, occasionally, nausea.
Initial treatment should be symptomatic, consisting of foreign body removal and analgesia with topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or oral analgesics; topical antibiotics also may be used. Corneal abrasions can be avoided through the use of protective eyewear.
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