spine scoliosis and spinal deformity correction surgery
spine scoliosis and spinal deformity correction surgery
4 days ward + 1 ICU
1.Room Rent, 2.Cost of Surgery 3.Consultation by Primary Team in Package days 4. Basic Investigations 5. Routine Pharmacy and Consumables 6.Patient Food.
1.Overstay more than package days 2. Any other Speciality Consultations 3. Special Equipment 4. Additional Procedure/Surgery 5. Blood Components
What is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis. Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. Severe scoliosis can be disabling. An especially severe spinal curve can reduce the amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.
One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other
One hip higher than the other
Neuromuscular conditions, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy
Birth defects affecting the development of the bones of the spine
Injuries to or infections of the spine
Risk factors for developing the most common type of scoliosis include:
Age. Signs and symptoms typically begin during the growth spurt that occurs just prior to puberty.
Sex. Although both boys and girls develop mild scoliosis at about the same rate, girls have a much higher risk of the curve worsening and requiring treatment.
Family history. Scoliosis can run in families, but most children with scoliosis don't have a family history of the disease.
During the physical exam, your doctor may have your child stand and then bend forward from the waist, with arms hanging loosely, to see if one side of the rib cage is more prominent than the other.
Your doctor may also perform a neurological exam to check for:
Plain X-rays can confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis and reveal the severity of the spinal curvature. If a doctor suspects that an underlying condition — such as a tumor — is causing the scoliosis, he or she may recommend additional imaging tests, such as an MRI.
Most children with scoliosis have mild curves and probably won't need treatment with a brace or surgery. Children who have mild scoliosis may need regular checkups to see if there have been changes in the curvature of their spines as they grow. While there are guidelines for mild, moderate and severe curves, the decision to begin treatment is always made on an individual basis. Factors to be considered include:
Sex. Girls have a much higher risk of progression than do boys.
Severity of curve. Larger curves are more likely to worsen with time.
Curve pattern. Double curves, also known as S-shaped curves, tend to worsen more often than do C-shaped curves.
Location of curve. Curves located in the center (thoracic) section of the spine worsen more often than do curves in the upper or lower sections of the spine.
Maturity. If a child's bones have stopped growing, the risk of curve progression is low. That also means that braces have the most effect in children whose bones are still growing.
If your child's bones are still growing and he or she has moderate scoliosis, your doctor may recommend a brace. Wearing a brace won't cure scoliosis or reverse the curve, but it usually prevents further progression of the curve. The most common type of brace is made of plastic and is contoured to conform to the body. This brace is almost invisible under the clothes, as it fits under the arms and around the rib cage, lower back and hips. Braces are discontinued after the bones stop growing. This typically occurs:
About two years after girls begin to menstruate
When boys need to shave daily
When there are no further changes in height
Severe scoliosis typically progresses with time, so your doctor might suggest scoliosis surgery to reduce the severity of the spinal curve and to prevent it from getting worse. The most common type of scoliosis surgery is called spinal fusion. In spinal fusion, surgeons connect two or more of the bones in the spine (vertebrae) together, so they can't move independently. Pieces of bone or a bone-like material are placed between the vertebrae. Metal rods, hooks, screws or wires typically hold that part of the spine straight and still while the old and new bone material fuses together. If the scoliosis is progressing rapidly at a young age, surgeons can install a rod that can adjust in length as the child grows. This growing rod is attached to the top and bottom sections of the spinal curvature, and is usually lengthened every six months.
Benefits of Scoliosis Surgery
Stop the curve’s progression :- When scoliosis requires surgery, it is usually because the deformity is continuing to worsen. Therefore, scoliosis surgery should at the very least prevent the curve from getting any worse.
Reduce the deformity :- Depending on how much flexibility is still in the spine, scoliosis surgery can often de-rotate the abnormal spinal twisting in addition to correcting the lateral curve by about 50% to 70%. These changes can help the person stand up straighter and reduce the rib hump in the back.
Maintain trunk balance :- For any changes made to the spine’s positioning, the surgeon will also take into account overall trunk balance by trying to maintain as much of the spine’s natural front/back (lordosis/kyphosis) curvature while also keeping the hips and legs as even as possible.
If you have any related query, you can send us your report on below mention email address or you can call us or whatsApp for any second opinion.
Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.
While people are most familiar with three main types of scoliosis, there are actually four types that can develop: congenital, neuromuscular, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and adult de novo scoliosis. While these different types have different causes and age groups they affect, they progressive relatively the same.
Mild cases of scoliosis may not need treatment. But, moderate to severe scoliosis that is left untreated can lead to pain and increasing deformity, as well as potential heart and lung damage. Scoliosis is a sideways curve of the spine with rotation. It most often develops during the growth spurt just before puberty.
Although congenital scoliosis is present at birth, it may not be obvious that a child has it right away. Congenital scoliosis often gets worse as a child grows. Common signs and symptoms of congenital scoliosis include one or more of the following: uneven hip heights or positions.
It's normal for children to have pain after spinal fusion surgery, but your child is getting medicines to help manage the pain. Your child may be able to go back to school after about 3 to 6 weeks. Full recovery may take 6 to 12 months. Your child will need lots of emotional support during this time.
Children with scoliosis between 3-10 years of age are normally the time when the best long term results can be achieved.
Estimated stay in India :- 3-4 weeks.
The final line of treatment will be decided after outcome of clinical assessment and evaluation. Estimate cost & stay may vary accordingly. In case, you would like to discuss the suggested treatment plan based on the initial assessment with our concerned doctors, we can arrange a call/Skype session with you.
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